A simple floral design with beautiful flowers makes your home as fragrant and fresh as spring. You don’t need to spend a fortune on gorgeous floral arrangements.

With our useful tips and a little practice, you can create one-of-a-kind floral designs that express your style.  Make yourself comfortable as you enter a world filled with pretty flowers.

The Different Styles of Floral Arrangements

There are three styles of flower arrangements that gave birth to other forms of floral design. They include the following

  1. Traditional or Western
  2. Oriental
  3. Modern

Traditional or Western floral design

For conventional arrangements, try not to choose more than three varieties of flowers. Choose a color palette that is tonal, effortless, and not too busy. Avoid using too much greenery. Prepare the flowers by pruning the leaves. Likewise, remove the guard petals for a more polished look. Use the base flowers first and sprinkle greenery here and there. Tie it with a ribbon or raffia, and do the final touches.

Oriental floral design

Simplicity is the key for Oriental arrangements because this method follows a minimalist approach. Likewise, lines of arrangement also play an essential role. Try using blooms such as lilies, orchids, and irises. Avoid using flowers like carnations and hydrangeas because they will not suit the theme. Even your foliage should be light.

Modern floral design

The overall effect of the contemporary floral arrangement is a bit untamed. The modern floral design does not have any rules but depends on the taste of the designer. Likewise, the emphasis is on keeping the arrangement loose and freeform. So naturally, it feels more stylish and fun. As a result, you’ll have much less pressure to be perfect.

Common Types of Flower Arrangements

The four most common styles of flower arrangements are:

  1. Bouquets
  2. Table centerpieces
  3. Baskets
  4. Wreaths


From festive rainbows of roses to elegant arrangement of lilies, bouquets are appropriate for any occasion. Be it expressing your heartfelt love or sending condolences, bouquets beautifully convey the message. They are easier to make than a formal arrangement and are usually made with roses, carnations, Gerbera daisies, and chrysanthemums.

Table Centerpieces

For occasions like Christmas, Weddings, and Thanksgiving Day, table centerpieces enhance the beauty and décor of your home. Gather some fragrant herbs from your garden and pair with simple flowers. Or create a lush floral centerpiece by filling a platter with floating flowers to create a stunning centerpiece.


Baskets are one of the oldest forms of handmade containers. They’re beautiful, functional, and are the perfect containers to hold the bounty of your imagination. Make beautiful arrangements with fragrant garden flowers and add a rustic feel to your interiors.


Popularly used for funerals and occasions such as Christmas or Thanksgiving Day, wreaths signify a celebration or honor. Simply put, a wreath is a circular garland that you can generally weave with flowers and foliage.

7 Principles of Basic Floral Design

beautiful pink flower floral design in a vase

Image CC0 by Barbara808 via Pixabay

The basic principles are the core of fabulous floral design and make the flower arrangement pleasing to the eye. A professional will use these designs to get a stunning floral design rather than an amateurish result. So if you want to play with flowers, here is a wrap-up of floral design principles.

Proportion and scale

These principles are closely related to each other. Moreover, proportion refers to the relationship between flowers, container, foliage, and accessories in a design. While scaling relates to the overall finished design and its setting.

The pleasing proportions include three to five groups of flowers. Additionally, the floral design must be 1-1/2 to 2 times the size of the container in width or height. You can achieve an overall balance using proper proportions.

Harmony and unity

Unity is the sameness in a series of elements while harmony is different but complementary elements. For instance, a holiday bouquet would share unity in the seasonal elements like poinsettias, greens, and pinecones. Adding gold elements or metallic ornaments create a harmony since they accent the arrangement.

Harmony and unity are closely related. When the flowers, foliage, accessories, and container blend together, harmony is achieved. For example, a floral arrangement of mixed, textured garden blooms in a wooden box would be perfect for a wedding set in a rustic barn.


The rhythm is the visual flow within the floral arrangement. You can achieve rhythm by deciding on a theme, repeating a pattern, and connecting one part of the design to the other. It allows the eye to move around and through a floral arrangement. Likewise, from the focal point to the edges and back again. Material, color, form, lines, space, and texture help to create rhythm in a flower arrangement.


Physical and visual are the two types of balance in a flower arrangement. The distribution of materials — mainly the weight — often refers to the physical stability. For example flowers like delphiniums, bird of paradise, ginger lilies, and gladioli are all heavy. So you need to counterbalance them with the right base whenever you fill it with water. This way, the flowers stand upright and don’t fall.

When the flower arrangement appears balanced to your eyes, it is called visual balance. The visual balance is of three types namely

  1. Symmetrical
  2. Asymmetrical
  3. Open balance

When the floral arrangement has the same quantity of materials on both sides, it’s called symmetrical. Examples include formal and traditional arrangements.

When the materials are unequally distributed on either side of the arrangement, it’s called asymmetrical arrangement. Examples include modern and informal.

A unique form of arrangement is the open balance. Examples are designs that include parallel or radial groupings of flowers.


If you accent an area or a focal point in your arrangement that draws your eye to that point, then it is known as emphasis. You can create attention by placing different materials singularly or in the grouping. Size, form, color, or texture help to create a contrast of the focal point from the rest of the design.

Best Floral Arranging Tips for Beginners

Woman preparing floral design for flower arrangement

Image CC0 by Rawpixel via Pixabay

Fresh flowers can bring life to your interiors. Purchase your flowers from wholesale shops or discount supermarkets. These shops usually have a selection of flowers at reasonable prices. If you’re making a monochromatic arrangement, choose flowers that are similar in color and hue. Select both large and small flowers. Likewise, pick some flower fillers or assorted greenery.

Place the flowers in lukewarm water and add some floral preservative. Then, remove the wrapping and cut off the rubber band. Make a fresh cut at 45-degree angle an inch above the bottom of the stem. Make sure that your arrangement is at eye level. Remove the thorns and unwanted leaves because leaves that are soaked in water tend to rot.

Begin the arrangement with a floral foam so you can keep the stems in place. Instead of floral foam, you can also use chicken wire. If your flower arrangement is horizontal, use a shallow vase or container. Similarly, for oval and triangular arrangements, use appropriate containers. For vertical arrangements, the flowers must be at least 1.5 times the height of the holder.

Place the large flowers toward the center and the small flowers in the outer areas. Alternatively, place the large heavy flowers on all sides to ensure even placement. Fill in with foliage and smaller, airier blooms. Include flowers that are of various shapes and stem lengths. Leave the needed space among stems so individual flowers can shine.

As you build your arrangement, step back now and then to better see any holes there that need to be filled. Although a glass vase is excellent to use, consider using Mason jars, vintage water pitchers, old tin containers, and even your grandmother’s milk glass. Consider using feathers, beads, burlap, butterflies, and other materials.

Are you Ready to Become a Professional Floral Designer?

Common items needed for flower arrangement and floral design

Image CC0 by Rawpixel via Pixabay

Creative eye and artistry are the essential prerequisites to become a top-notch floral designer. Likewise, a love of working with people at some of the most emotional times of their lives will thrust you many light years forward in this industry.

The personal attributes and skills required are:

  • Creativity
  •  Artistic ability
  • Communication skills
  • Time management
  • Attention to detail
  • Independence
  • Concern for others

You can attract several high-paying job opportunities if you complete a degree or certificate program. You can also opt for an associate’s degree in floral design, floristry, or horticulture. Working alongside an experienced floral designer is the best way to gain experience in this field.

In addition to earning a degree or a certificate, you can undertake the Certified Floral Designer Credential program. The American Institute of Floral Designers offers this course. To be outstanding in this field, be open to new creative ideas and skills.

Whether you’re just starting out or a seasoned designer, these skills will help you to flourish in the industry

  • Listening skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Co-ordination
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Manual dexterity
  • Understanding of materials and equipment
  • Sound writing ability

Finally, gain experience and learn to market your business. To gain creditability, give your friends and family floral arrangements free of charge. Take photos of each display and analyze it to make improvements. Create a personal portfolio showcasing all your attractive displays.

How to care for your flower arrangement

Place your flowers away from direct sunlight or other sources of heat. Also, recut the stems and change water on a daily basis. Remove any debris from the water. It’s a must that you replenish your flowers with flower food when you change water. If you’re a beginner, keep your arrangements simple. “Practice makes perfect,” so keep working on your arrangements until you create brilliant pieces of floral artwork.


Feature Image: CC0, by Anca, via Pixabay